The effect of design based science education applications of science teacher candidates on their perceptions of engineering education and engineer

Keywords: Design based science education, Engineering education, Perception of engineers, STEM education

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Design Based Science Education (DBSE) applications on the perceptions of science teacher candidates about engineering education and engineers. In the quantitative part of the study in which the mixed method was involved, a semi-experimental design with single group pre-test post-test was used while a case study design was adopted in the qualitative part of the study. The study group of the research consisted of 52 juniors who were receiving education at a university in the Aegean Region in the 2016-2017 academic year. The quantitative data of the study were obtained through the 'Engineering Education Survey' and the qualitative data through 'Draw an Engineer Test.’ The quantitative data were analyzed using a statistics software program and the qualitative data through content analysis. It was determined as a result of the study that DBSE applications positively affect the perceptions of teacher candidates about engineering education and engineers. It was also determined that the teacher candidates' stereotypical perceptions about engineers being male and working on their own decreased and their perceptions about the work area and activities of engineers changed in a positive manner. In the light of the findings obtained in the study, the importance of design based applications in STEM education was underlined.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bozkurt, E. (2014). Mühendislik tasarım temelli fen eğitiminin fen bilgisi öğretmen adaylarının karar verme becerisi, bilimsel süreç becerileri ve sürece yönelik algılarına etkisi. Unpublished doctorate dissertation, Gazi Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.

Bozkurt Altan, E., Yamak, H., & Buluş Kırıkkaya, E. (2016). FeTeMM eğitim yaklaşımının öğretmen eğitiminde kullanılmasına yönelik bir öneri: Tasarım temelli fen eğitimi. Trakya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 6(2), 212-232.

Büyüköztürk, Ş., Kılıç-Çakmak, E., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş., & Demirel, F. (2016). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık.

Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2017). Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı istatistik, araştırma deseni SPSS uygulamaları ve yorum (23. ed). Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık.

Bybee, R. W. (2010). Advancing STEM education: A 2020 vision. Technology and Engineering Teacher, 70(1), 30-35.

Capobianco, B. M. (2011). Exploring a science teacher’s uncertainty with integrating engineering design: An action research study. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 22(7), 645-660. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10972-010-9203-2

Capobianco, B. M., Diefes-dux, H. A., Mena, I., & Weller, J. (2011). What is an engineer? Implications of elementary school student conceptions for engineering education. Journal of Engineering Education, 100(2), 304–328. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2011.tb00015.x

Creswell, J. W., & Plano Clark, V. (2007). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Thousand Oask, CA: Sage.

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4th ed.). Boston: Pearson.

Culver, D. E. (2012). A qualitative assessment of preservice elementary teachers’ formative perceptions regarding engineering and K-12 engineering education. Unpublished master’s thesis, Iowa State University, USA.

Cunningham, C. M., Lachapelle, C. P., & Lindgren-Streicher, A. (2006). Elementary teachers' understandings of engineering and technology. Presented at the American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition. Chicago, IL: American Society for Engineering Education. Retrieved January 20, 2019, from https://peer. asee. org/200.

Çepni, S. (2007). Araştırma ve proje çalışmalarına giriş (3rd ed.). Trabzon: Celepler Matbaacılık.

Çorlu, M. S., Capraro, R. M., & Capraro, M. M. (2014). Introducing STEM education: Implications for educating our teachers in the age of innovation. Education and Science, 39(171), 74–85.

Daugherty, J. (2012). Infusing engineering concepts: Teaching engineering design. National Center for Engineering and Technology Education. Retrieved January 21, 2019, from https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1160&context=ncete_publications.

Dugger, W. E. (2010). Evolution of STEM in the United States. Retrieved January 20, 2019, from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.476.5804&rep=rep1&type=pdf.

Ekiz, D. (2009). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri. Ankara: Anı Yayıncılık.

Ercan, S. (2014). Fen eğitiminde mühendislik uygulamalarının kullanımı: Tasarım temelli fen eğitimi. Unpublished doctorate dissertation, Marmara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul.

Fralick, B., Kearn, J., Thompson, S., & Lyons, J. (2009). How middle schoolers draw engineers and scientists. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 18(1), 60-73. doi: 10.1007/s10956-008-9133-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10956-008-9133-3

Gülhan, F., & Şahin, F. (2018). A comparative investigation of middle school 5th and 7th grade students' of perceptions on engineers and scientists. Necatibey Eğitim Fakültesi Elektronik Fen ve Matematik Eğitimi Dergisi, 12(1), 309-338. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17522/balikesirnef.437785

Hacıoğlu, Y. (2017). Fen, teknoloji, mühendislik ve matematik (STEM) eğitimi temelli etkinliklerin fen bilgisi öğretmen adaylarının eleştirel düşünme becerilerine etkisi. Unpublished master’s thesis, Gazi üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.

Hacıoğlu, Y., Yamak, H., & Kavak, N. (2016). Mühendislik tasarım temelli fen eğitimi ile ilgili öğretmen görüşleri. Bartın Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 5(3), 807-830. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14686/buefad.v5i3.5000195411

Karataş, F. O., Micklos, A., & Bodner, G. M. (2011). Sixth-grade students’ views of the nature of engineering and images of engineers. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 20(2), 123–135. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10956-010-9239-2

Kınık Topalsan, A. (2018). Sınıf öğretmenliği öğretmen adaylarının geliştirdikleri mühendislik tasarım temelli fen öğretim etkinliklerinin değerlendirilmesi. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 15(1), 186-219. DOI: https://doi.org/10.23891/efdyyu.2018.66

Knight, M., & Cunningham, C. (2004). Draw an engineer test (DAET): Development of a tool to investigate students’ ideas about engineers and engineering. Paper presented at the 2004 Annual Conference, Salt Lake City, Utah. Retrieved January 20, 2019, from https://www.eie.org/engineering-elementary/research/articles/draw-engineer-test-daet-development-tool-investigate.

Kolodner, J. L. (2002). Facilitating the learning of design practices: Lessons learned from an inquiry into science education. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, 39(3), 9-40.

Kolodner, J. L., Camp, P., Crismond, D., Fasse, B., Gray, J., Holbrook, J., Puntambekar S., Ryan, M. (2003). Problem-based learning meets case-based reasoning in the middle-school science classroom: Putting learning by design(tm) into practice. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 12(4), 495-547. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327809JLS1204_2

Marulcu, İ. (2010). Investigating the impact of a lego-based, engineering-oriented curriculum compared to an inquiry-based curriculum on fifth graders’ content learning of simple machines. Unpublished doctorate dissertation, Lynch School of Education, Boston College, USA.

Marulcu, İ. & Sungur, K. (2012). Fen bilgisi öğretmen adaylarının mühendis ve mühendislik algılarının ve yöntem olarak mühendislik-dizayna bakış açılarının incelenmesi. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 12(1), 13-23.

Miles, M. B. & Huberman A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: A sourcebook of new methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı (MEB) (2006). İlköğretim fen ve teknoloji dersi (6, 7 ve 8. sınıflar) öğretim programı, Ankara: Talim ve Terbiye Kurulu Başkanlığı.

Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı (MEB) (2017). Fen bilimleri dersi öğretim programı (ilkokul ve ortaokul 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 ve 8. sınıflar). Retrieved October 11, 2017, from http://mufredat.meb.gov.tr.

Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı (MEB) (2018). Fen bilimleri dersi öğretim programı (ilkokul ve ortaokul 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 ve 8. sınıflar). Retrieved May 05, 2018, from http://mufredat.meb.gov.tr/ProgramDetay.aspx?PID=325.

National Academy of Engineering [NAE]. (2010). Standards for K-12 engineering education? Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

National Research Council [NRC]. (2010). Exploring the intersection of science education and 21st century skills: A workshop summary. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

Patton, M.Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods. USA: Sage.

Penner, D., Giles, N., Lehrer, R., & Schauble, L. (1997). Building functional models: Designing an elbow. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 34(2), 125-143. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1098-2736(199702)34:2<125::AID-TEA3>3.0.CO;2-V

Roth, W. (2001). Learning science through technological design. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 38(7), 768-790. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.1031

Sadler, P. M., Coyle, H. P., & Schwartz, M. (2000). Engineering competitions in the middle school classroom: Key elements in developing effective design challenges. The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 9(3), 299–327. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327809JLS0903_3

Schnittka, C., & Bell, R. (2011). Engineering design and conceptual change in science: Addressing thermal energy and heat transfer in eighth grade. International Journal of Science Education, 33(13), 1861-1887. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09500693.2010.529177

Sungur, K. (2013). Yöntem olarak mühendislik-dizayna ve ders materyali olarak legolara öğretmen ve öğretmen adaylarının bakış açılarının incelenmesi. Unpublished master’s thesis, Erciyes Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Kayseri.

Sungur Gül, K., & Marulcu, İ. (2014). Yöntem olarak mühendislik-dizayna ve ders materyali olarak legolara öğretmen ile öğretmen adaylarının bakış açılarının incelenmesi. Electronic Turkish Studies, 9(2), 761-786. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7827/TurkishStudies.6561

Ünlü, Z. K., & Dökme, İ. (2016). Özel yetenekli öğrencilerin FeTeMM’in mühendisliği hakkındaki imajları. Trakya University Journal of Education Faculty, 7(1), 196-204.

Wendell, K. B. (2008). The theoretical and empirical basis for design-based science instruction for children. Unpublished Qualifying Paper, Tufts University.

Wendell, K. B., Connolly, K. G., Wright, C. G., Jarvin, L., Rogers, C., Barnett, M., & Marulcu, I. (2010). Incorporating engineering design into elementary school science curricula. American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition, Louisville, KY. Retrieved January 20, 2019, from https://peer.asee.org/poster-incorporating-engineering-design-into-elementary-school-science-curricula.pdf.

Yaşar, S., Baker, D., Robinson-Kurpius, S., & Roberts, C. (2006). Development of a survey to assess K-12 teachers’ perceptions of engineers and familiarity with teaching design, engineering, and technology. Journal of Engineering Education, 95(3), 205-216. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2006.tb00893.x

Yıldırım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2016). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri (10. ed). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.

Yıldırım, B. (2018). Sınıf öğretmeni adaylarının tasarım temelli öğrenmeye yönelik görüşleri. Akdeniz Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 12(24), 272-293. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/mjer.2018.147.15

Published
2019-09-18
How to Cite
Ergün, A., & Kıyıcı, G. (2019). The effect of design based science education applications of science teacher candidates on their perceptions of engineering education and engineer. Pegem Eğitim Ve Öğretim Dergisi, 9(4), 1031-1062. https://doi.org/10.14527/pegegog.2019.033