Investigating the Principal Transformational Leadership Strategy in Implementing Character Education at the Senior High School Level (SMA) in Indonesia


  • Yulius Rustan Effendi State University of Malang



principal, transformational leadership, character education, senior high school


Character education (CE) in secondary schools is one of the educational programs aimed to anticipate the tendency of moral perversion, as a result of moral decadence. Various forms of moral deviations that occur among high school students result in them being alienated from life because they conflict with cultural norms, school discipline, and life ethics in society. This article aims to discuss the relation of character values reinforcement and the principal's transformational leadership strategy to shape student characters in a descriptive-critical manner. The objectives of this study are school strategies in optimizing the implementation of character education reinforcement. This research uses a qualitative method with a case study design. Meanwhile, the data validity measurement was based on the level of credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability. The results emphasize the importance of shaping student character as an anticipatory step to minimize moral distortions among high school students, and the effectiveness of the principal's transformational leadership role in optimizing the implementation of character education programs  (CEP) in schools.


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How to Cite

Rustan Effendi, Y. (2022). Investigating the Principal Transformational Leadership Strategy in Implementing Character Education at the Senior High School Level (SMA) in Indonesia. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 12(3), 59–68.