Investigation of preschool teachers' views on outdoor play activities

Authors

  • Ümmühan Akpınar 5332168992
  • Adalet Kandır

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47750/pegegog.12.02.23

Keywords:

Outdoor play activities, preschool teacher, qualitative research, NVivo 12

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the views of pre-school teachers on outdoor play activities. The research is designed in a qualitative pattern. The study group of the study was determined according to the "Turkish Classification of Statistical Region Units" (2003) by criterion sampling method, which is one of the purposeful sampling methods, and 63 pre-school teachers were interviewed. In the research, "Interview Form for Outdoor Play Activities" was used as data collection tool. NVivo 12 Qualitative Data Analysis program and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. As a result of the research, it was stated that teachers prefer the outdoor play activities “when the air temperature is high and without rain”; it was determined that the reasons for not placing these activities or placing fewer in the program are “weather conditions”, “parental attitudes” and “physical conditions”. It was found out that the teachers allocated “30-60 minutes” to outdoor play activities and generally included these activities “in the middle of the day”. It has been revealed that most teachers conduct outdoor play activities "both planned and free" and that these activities are directed by "teachers and children together".

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aasen, W., Grindheim, L.T. & Waters, J. (2009). The outdoor environment as a site for childrens’s participation meaning-meaking and democratic learning: examples from Norwegian kindergardens. Education, 37(1), 5-13.

Alat, Z., Akgümüş, Ö. & Cavalı, D. (2012). Okul öncesi eğitimde açık hava etkinliklerine yönelik öğretmen görüş ve uygulamaları. Mersin Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 8(3), 47-62. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/mersinefd/issue/17381/181484 adresinden erişildi.

Arslan Karaküçük, S. (2008). Okul öncesi eğitim kurumlarında fiziksel/mekânsal koşulların incelenmesi: Sivas ili örneği. Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 32(2), 307-320. http://eskidergi.cumhuriyet.edu.tr/makale/1843.pdf adresinden erişildi.

Ata Doğan, S. & Boz, M. (2019). An investigation of pre-school teachers’ views and practices about pre-school outdoor play. İlköğretim Online, 18(2), 681-697. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2019.562033

Bogdan, R. C. & Biklen, S. K. (1998). Qualitative research for education: an ıntroduction to theory and methods (3rd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Borge, A. I., Nordhagen, R. & Lie, K. K. (2003). Children in the environment: forest daycare centers: modern day care with historical antecedents. The History of the Family, 8(4), 605-618.

Bowker, R. & Tearle, P. (2007). Gardening as a learning environment: A study of children’s perceptions and understanding of school gardens as part of an ınternational project. Learning Environment Research, 10(2), 83-100. doi:10.1007/s10984-007-9025-0

Burdette, H. L. & Whitaker, R. C. (2005). Resurrecting free play in young children Looking beyond fitness and fatness to attention, affiliation, and affect. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 159(1), 46-50. doi:10.1001/archpedi.159.1.46

Cevher Kalburan, N. (2014). Okul öncesi dönem çocuklarının dış mekânda oyun fırsatları ve ebeveyn görüşleri. Sosyal Politika Çalışmaları Dergisi, 32, 113-135. doi:10.21560/spcd.21616

Chakravarthi, S. (2009). Preschool teachers’ beliefs and practices of outdoor play and outdoor environments. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

Cosco, N. G. (2006). Motivation to move: Physical activity affordances in preschool play areas (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Heriot Watt University, Edinburg, Scotland, UK.

Cosco, N. G., Moore, R. C. & Smith, W. R. (2014). Childcare outdoor renovation as a built environment health promotion strategy: Evaluating the preventing obesity by design intervention. American Journal of Health Promotion, 28, 27–32. doi:10.4278/ajhp.130430-QUAN-208

Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Çelik, A. (2012). The use of open space in the preschool education ınstitütions: Kocaeli sample. Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Atatürk Üniversity, 43(1), 79-88. doi:10.17097/zfd.95656

Çetken, H. Ş. & Sevimli Çelik S. (2018). Okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin dış mekân oyunlarına karşı bakış açılarının incelenmesi. Kuramsal Eğitimbilim Dergisi, 11(2), 318-341. doi:10.30831/akukeg.379662

Davies, M. (1997). The teacher's role in outdoor play: Preschool teachers' beliefs and practices. Journal of Australian Research in Early Childhood Education, 1, 10-20. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED408059 adresinden erişildi.

Duman, G. & Koçak N. (2013). Çocuk oyun alanlarının biçimsel özellikleri açısından değerlendirilmesi (Konya ili örneği). Türk Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, 11(1), 64-81. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tebd/issue/26093/274950#article_cite adresinden erişildi.

Fjortoft, I. (2001). The natural environment as a playground for children: The impact of outdoor play activities in pre-primary school children. Early Childhood Education Journal, 29(2), 111-17. doi:10.1023/A:1012576913074

Fjørtoft, I. (2004). Landscape as playscape: The effects of natural environments on children’s play and motor development. Children, Youth and Environments, 14(2), 21-44. https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7721/chilyoutenvi.14.2.0021?seq=1 adresinden erişildi.

Gelfand, L. & Freed, E. C. (2010). Sustainable school architecture: Design for elementary and secondary school. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons Inc.

Güner Alpaslan, Z. & Tantekin Erden, F. (2014, September). An exploration of early childhood teachers' attitudes and practices regarding outdoor play. Paper presented at 24th European Early Childhood Education Research Association Annual Conference (EECERA), Crete, Greece.

Herrington, S. & Studtmann, K. (1998). Landscape interventions: New directions for the design of children’s outdoor play environments. Lanscape and Urban Planning, 42(2-4), 191-205. doi:10.1016/S0169-2046(98)00087-5

James, P. A. (2013). Parental socialization of children’s outdoor play (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.

Jatasuriya, A. (2014). Primary caregiver perceptions of preschool activities: Understanding the value of outdoor play. Unpublished master’s thesis. University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Kos, M. & Jerman, J. (2013). Provisions for outdoor play and learning in Slovene preschools. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 13(3), 189-205. doi:10.1080/14729679.2013.769888

Louv, R. (2008). Last child in the woods: Saving our children form nature-deficit disorder. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Books.

Maynard, T. & Waters, J. (2007). Learning in the outdoor environment: A missed opportunity? Journal Early Years, 27(3) 255-265. doi:10.1080/09575140701594400

McBride, D. L. (2012). Children and outdoor play. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 27, 421-422. doi:10.1016/j.pedn.2012.04.001

Merriam, S. B. (2013). Nitel araştırma. (S. Turan, Trans.). Ankara: Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık.

Mevzuat Bilgi Sistemi (2014). Millî Eğitim Bakanlığı Okul Öncesi Eğitim ve İlköğretim Kurumları Yönetmeliği. https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr adresinden erişildi.

Niklasson, L. & Sandberg, A. (2010). Children and the outdoor environment. Eurepean Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 18(4), 485-496. doi:10.1080/1350293X.2010.525945

Özdemir, A. & Yılmaz, O. (2008). Assessment of outdoor school environments and physical activity in Ankara’s primary schools. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 28, 287-300. doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2008.02.004

Öztürk, Ş. (2009). Okulda eğitimle bütünleştirilmiş mekân dışı eğitim. Milli Eğitim Dergisi, 181, 131-145. http://dhgm.meb.gov.tr/yayimlar/dergiler/Milli_Egitim_Dergisi/181.pdf adresinden erişildi.

Polat Topdemir, Ç. C. (2016). Okul öncesi çocuklarda dış mekân erişiminin sınıf içi davranışlara etkileri üzerine bir vaka çalışması. Unpublished master’s thesis. Kadir Has Üniversitesi, Istanbul.

Renick, S. E. (2009). Exploring early childhood teachers' beliefs and practices about preschool outdoor play: A case study. Unpublished master’s thesis. Texas Women’s University, Denton, Texas.

Rivkin, M. S. (1998). “Happy play in grassy places”: The importance of the outdoor environment in Dewey’s educational ideal. Early Childhood Education Journal. 25(3), 199-202. doi:10.1023/A:1025613413109

Rivkin, M. S. (2014). The great outdoors: Advocating for natural spaces for young children.Washington, D.C.: National Association for the Education of Young Children.

Sandra, E. & Renick, B. S. (2009). Exploring early childhood teachers’ beliefs and practices about preschool outdoor play: a case study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Texas Woman’s University, Denton, Texas.

Schilling, T., McOmber, K., Mabe, K., Beasley, B., Funkhouser, S. & Martinez, L. (2006). Promoting language development through movement. Teaching Elementary Physical Education, 17(6), 39-42. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ749138 adresinden erişildi.

Storli, R. & Hagen, T. L. (2010). Affordances in outdoor environments and children’s physically active play in pre-school. Eurepean Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 18(4), 445-456. doi:10.1080/1350293X.2010.525923

Şişman, E. E. & Özyavuz, M. (2010). Çocuk oyun alanlarının dağılımı ve kullanım yeterliliği: Tekirdağ örneği. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 7(1), 13-22. https://docplayer.biz.tr/9303311-Cocuk-oyun-alanlarinin-dagilimi-ve-kullanim-yeterliligi-tekirdag-ornegi.html adresinden erişildi.

Thigpen, B. (2007). Outdoor play: Combating sedentary lifestyles. Zero to There, 28(1), 19-23. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ827346 adresinden erişildi.

Timmons, B. W., Naylor, P. J. & Pfeiffer, K. A. (2007). Physical activity for preschool children. How much and how? Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 32, 122–134. doi:10.1139/H07-112

Tovey, H. (2007). Playing outdoors: Spaces and places, risk and challenge. The McGrow-Hill Companies.

Valentine, G. & McKendrick, J. (1997). Children’s outdoor play: Exploring parental concerns about children’s safety and the changing nature of childhood. Geoforum, 28(2), 219-235.doi:10.1016/S0016-7185(97)00010-9

Yalçın, F. (2015). A crosscultural study on outdoor play: parent and teacher perspectives. Unpublished master’s thesis. Middle East Technical University, Ankara.

Yıldırım, A. & Şimşek, H. (2008). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri. Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.

Yılmaz, S. & Bulut, Z. (2002). Kentsel mekânlarda çocuk oyun alanları planlama ve tasarım ilkeleri. Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 33(3), 345-351. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ataunizfd/issue/2951/40874 adresinden erişildi.

Downloads

Published

2022-04-01

How to Cite

Akpınar, Ümmühan, & Kandır, A. . (2022). Investigation of preschool teachers’ views on outdoor play activities. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 12(2), 235–245. https://doi.org/10.47750/pegegog.12.02.23