Difficulties in identifying the English determiner system among EFL students in Ghana: The case of Francophone students


  • Michael Owusu Tabiri Ghana Communication Technology University and University of Education, Winneba, Department of Applied Linguistics
  • Ivy Jones-Mensah University of Professional Studies, Accra and University of Education, Winneba, Department of Applied Linguistics https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6788-1020
  • Angel Edward Kongo University of Professional Studies-Accra https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8090-6173
  • Gifty Budu




English Education, Identification, Pre determiners, Central determiners, Post determiners


The paper aims at discussing the difficulties that students from French speaking countries who are pursuing their education in a Ghanaian university face in identifying English determiners. This is a qualitative study that analysed the difficulties that level 100 Francophone students who have French as a Second Language(L2) and English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in a Ghanaian university face in identifying English determiners. The data used for the analysis comprised students’ written exercises. The data gathered in the study were analysed qualitatively. The theoretical framework on which this research is based is article-focused theory which is discourse rule transfer propounded by Robertson (2000) as well as the semantic model developed by Huebner (1983), known as the "semantic wheel for noun phrase reference".  The findings of the study depict that pre determiners, central determiners and post determiners were found in the data analysed. Central determiners recorded the highest number of 25 representing 64%, followed by pre determiners with 11 representing 28% and post determiners showing 3 determiners denoting 8%. Based on the findings, some pedagogical measures such as taking into consideration the needs analysis and teaching all the three types of determiners in context communication were proposed as means of minimising Francophone students’ difficulties in English determiner system.

Keywords: English Education, Identification, Pre-determiners, Central determiners, Post determiners



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How to Cite

Tabiri, M. O., Jones-Mensah, I. ., Kongo , A. E. ., & Budu, G. (2022). Difficulties in identifying the English determiner system among EFL students in Ghana: The case of Francophone students. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 12(3), 256–264. https://doi.org/10.47750/pegegog.12.03.27