A Systematic Literature Review of Flipped Classroom: Is It Effective On Student Learning in Elementary School?


  • Unga Utami State University of Yogyakarta




flipped classroom, effectiveness, elementary school.


Flipped Classroom is a reverse classroom learning model that requires more active student participation. However, flipped classrooms are still rarely practiced at the elementary school level. Students must study learning material before discussing it in class. Writing this Systematic Literature Review aims to analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the Flipped classroom on student learning in elementary schools. The method used is Systematic Literature Review by review Using 8 articles related to the effectiveness and implications of flipped classrooms for elementary students. These articles were obtained from the Google Scholar database for the 2016-2021 range. The results of the study show that learning using the Flipped Classroom is effectively implemented in elementary schools. Flipped classroom can develop students' active participation and independence. so that the teacher only acts as a facilitator. Flipped Classroom can foster a sense of responsibility, critical thinking skills, curiosity, honesty, creativity and motivate students to learn according to their own pace of learning. This study recommends that the implementation of the flipped classroom learning model should first be introduced to the learning culture. and s Several other components that must be mastered by teachers and students to avoid difficulties during flipped classroom learning. With these considerations, flipped classroom learning can run optimally. 


Key words: flipped classroom, effectiveness, elementary school.


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Abeysekera, L., & Dawson, P. (2015). Motivation and cognitive load in the flipped classroom: Definition, rationale and a call for research. Higher Education Research and Development, 34(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360.2014.934336

Academy of Active Learning Arts and Sciences (2018). Updated definition of flipped learning. Retrieved November 24, 2022 from http://aalasinternational.org/updateddefinition-of-flipped-learning/

Bandura, A. (1997). Self Efficacy – The Exercise of Control (Fifth Printing, 2002). New York: W.H. Freeman & Company.

Bergmann, J & Sams A. (2012). Flip your classroom: talk to every student in every class every day. USA: ISTE & ASCD.

Bergmann, J & Sams A. (2015). The Flipped Learning Series. Flipped Learning for Elementary Instruction. USA: International Society for Technology in Education.

Cahyani, R. P. (2020). Formation of Independent Character Through Thematic Learning at SDN Kebondalem Mojosari. Didactic: Journal of Education and Science, 20(3).

Camiling, M. K. (2017). The Flipped Classroom: Teaching the Basic Science Process Skills to High-Performing 2nd Grade Students of Miriam College Lower School. IAFOR Journal of Education, 5, 213-227.

Cheng, L., Ritzhaupt, A. D., & Antonenko, P. (2019). Effects of the flipped classroom instructional strategy on students’ learning outcomes: A meta-analysis. Educational Technology Research and Development, 67(4), 793-824. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-018-9633-7

Chaeruman, U. A. (2016). Getting to Know Flipped Classroom: For the Implementation of Blended Learning. https://www.slideshare.net/uweschaeruman/mengenal-more-close-flippedclassroom?qid=416b8559-5005-443d-ade7-3c86364fa48a&v=&b=&from_search=1. Retrieved June 22, 2021

Choudhury, S., & Pattnaik, S. (2020). Emerging themes in e-learning: A review from the stakeholders' perspective. Computers & Education, 144, 103657. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2019.103657

Clark, K. R. (2013). Examining the effects of the flipped model of instruction on student engagement and performance in the secondary mathematics classroom: an action research study (Proquest Dissertations Publishing). Capella University.

Cui, J., & Yu, S. (2019). Fostering deeper learning in a flipped classroom: Effects of knowledge graphs versus concept maps. British Journal of Educational Technology, 50(5), 2308-2328. DOI:10.1111/bjet.12841

Goedhart, N. S., Blignaut-van Westrhenen, N., Moser, C., & Zweekhorst, M. B. M. (2019). The flipped classroom: supporting a diverse group of students in their learning. Learning Environments Research, 22(2), 297-310.

Awidi, I. T., & Paynter, M. (2019). The impact of a flipped classroom approach on student learning experience. Computers & Education, 128, 269-283.

Juniantari, M., Pujawan, I. G. N., & Widhiasih, I. D. A. G. (2019). The Effect of the Flipped Classroom Approach on the Understanding of Mathematics Concepts of High School Students. Journal of Education Technology, 2(4), 197-204. DOI. http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jet.v2i4.17855

Khoirotunnisa, A. U., & Irhadtanto, B. (2020). The Influence of Video-Assisted Traditional Flipped Classroom Learning Model on Students' Creative Thinking Ability in Building Materials on Flat Sided Space. JPE (Journal of Edutama Education), 7(2), 17-23.

Kurnianto, B., Wiyanto, W., & Haryani, S. (2019). Critical Thinking Skills and Learning Outcomes by Improving Motivation in the Model of Flipped Classroom. Journal of Primary Education, 8(6), 282-291. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/jpe.v9i3.27783

Lai, C. L., & Hwang, G. J. (2016). A self-regulated flipped classroom approach to improving students’ learning performance in a mathematics course. Computers & Education, 100, 126-140. DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2016.05.006

Mirlanda, E. P., Nindiasari, H., & Syamsuri, S. (2019). The Effect of Flipped Classroom Learning on Students' Learning Independence in terms of Students' Cognitive Style. Symmetry: Pasundan Journal of Research in Mathematics Learning and Education, 4(1), 38-49. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23969/symmetry.v4i1.1637

Misluhah, M. (2018). Development of the flipped classroom learning model to improve learning outcomes of Islamic Cultural History (SKI) at Madrasah Tsanawiyah Miftahul Qulub Tawar Gondang Mojokerto. Progressa: Journal of Islamic Religious Instruction, 2(1), 73-78.

O'Flaherty, J., & Phillips, C. (2015). The use of flipped classrooms in higher education: A scoping review. The internet and higher education, 25, 85-95.

Rombot, O., Doringin, F., & Ariesta, F. W. (2018, July). The Collaboration of Flipped Classroom and Jigsaw Model to Improve the Student's Character in Elementary School in Jakarta. In 2018 International Symposium on Educational Technology (ISET) (pp. 63-67). IEEE. DOI: 10.1109/ISET.2018.00023

Segolsson, M., Hirsh, Å., & Bäcklund, J. (2017). The flipped classroom and student learning at compulsory school in Sweden: A longitudinal, qualitative study. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(18), 77-86.

Sousa, M. J., & Rocha, Á. (2019). Digital learning: Developing skills for digital transformation of organizations. Future Generation Computer Systems, 91, 327-334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2018.08.048

Stöhr, C., Demazière, C., & Adawi, T. (2020). The polarizing effect of the online flipped classroom. Computers & Education, 147, 103789. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2019.103789

Strelan, P., Osborn, A., & Palmer, E. (2020). The flipped classroom: A meta-analysis of effects on student performance across disciplines and education levels. Educational Research Review, 30, 100314. https://doi.org/10.1080/09588221.2019.1584117

Toh, T., Tengah, K., Shahrill, M., Tan, A., & Leong, E. (2017). The Flipped Classroom strategy: The effects of Implementation at the elementary school level mathematics lessons. In Proceeding of the 3rd International Conference on Education (Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 186-197). DOI: https://doi.org/10.17501/icedu.2017.3120

Unal, Z., & Unal, A. (2017). Comparison of student performance, student perception, and teacher satisfaction with traditional versus flipped classroom models. International Journal of Instruction, 10(4), 145-164. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12973/iji.2017.1049a

Wei, X., Cheng, I., Chen, N. S., Yang, X., Liu, Y., Dong, Y., & Zhai, X. (2020). Effect of the flipped classroom on the mathematics performance of middle school students. Educational Technology Research and Development, 68(3), 1461-1484.





How to Cite

Unga Utami. (2023). A Systematic Literature Review of Flipped Classroom: Is It Effective On Student Learning in Elementary School?. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 14(1), 244–251. https://doi.org/10.47750/pegegog.14.01.27