Metacognition and Mathematical Problem-solving Performance of Pre-service Teachers


  • Allan Tabuyo Cagayan State University



Metacognition, Mathematics, Problem-Solving Skill, Metacognitive awareness



To prepare future educators in the field of teaching, they need to be equipped with the necessary competencies and skills. Metacognition and mathematical problem-solving skills are two of these crucial skills that they need to acquire. Hence, this study determined metacognition's role in pre-service teachers' problem-solving performance. 

It utilized the descriptive-correlational design to describe the metacognitive awareness, use of metacognition, and problem-solving performance of the 103 pre-service teachers. Further, the use and awareness of metacognition and mathematical problem-solving performance are correlated. The instruments used in gathering data are the MAI questionnaire and a mathematical problem-solving task.

Findings revealed that the pre-service teachers are mindful of their metacognition and acknowledge declarative and procedural knowledge as key cognitive components in recalling significant mathematical concepts. Moreover, they plan and evaluate their strategies and procedures to complete more problem-solving tasks. They recognize the role of self-evaluation as an essential component of metacognition. This process helps the pre-service identify improvement areas and develop more effective problem-solving strategies.

Furthermore, satisfactory performance in mathematical problem-solving is attributed to the employment of metacognition. However, applying evaluation and planning requires time to accomplish mathematical problem-solving tasks.

These significant components of metacognition identified in the current study are proposed to be considered in the Mathematics curriculum for their essential role in improving the problem-solving performance of pre-service teachers.


Keywords: metacognition, Mathematics, problem-solving, metacognitive awareness, use of metacognition


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How to Cite

Tabuyo, A. (2024). Metacognition and Mathematical Problem-solving Performance of Pre-service Teachers. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 14(4), 474–480.