Basic Needs of Students in Ecology Courses: Main Factor Analysis


  • Susbiyanto Susbiyanto Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Topik Hidayat Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Hertien Koosbandiah Surtikanti Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Riandi Riandi Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Muhsin Chatib Universitas Islam Negeri Sulthan Thaha Saifuddin Jambi



ecology courses, inquiry skills, self-efficacy, environmental literacy


This study aims to analyze the main factors that become the basic needs of students attending ecology courses. The participants in this study consisted of 75 students enrolled in the Biology Education program at the State Islamic University of Sulthan Thaha Saifuddin Jambi. The data were collected by a questionnaire of 13 statements from four categories, which encompassed the content of the material, having strong feelings of learning community, thinking skills, and environmental awareness. Data were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis with the assistance of the SPSS application, version 23. Based on the score of initial eigenvalues from the results of exploratory factor analysis, it shows that there are two main factors formed based on the 13 original factors. The construction of statements that form factor one is closely related to inquiry and self-efficacy, while the construction of statements that form factor two is closely related to environmental awareness. Based on this construction structure, factor one is labeled inquiry skills to support self-efficacy, and factor two is labeled environmental literacy. The results obtained in this study can be used as recommendations for choosing various learning techniques that can accommodate the development of inquiry skills, self-efficacy, and environmental literacy in students in ecology courses.


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How to Cite

Susbiyanto, S., Hidayat, T., Surtikanti, H. K., Riandi, R., & Chatib, M. (2024). Basic Needs of Students in Ecology Courses: Main Factor Analysis . Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 14(4), 38–45.