Autonomous learning activities: The perceptions of English language students in Indonesia


  • Khulaifiyah Khulaifiyah Universitas Islam Riau
  • Utami Widati
  • Mirjam Anugerahwati
  • Nunung Suryati


Autonomous learning, Evaluating, Initiating, Monitoring, Students' Perception


Autonomous learning is a process to be aware of taking control of learning. This study aims to explore students' perceptions of autonomous learning and students’ proposed activities during the initiative, monitoring, and evaluation process in raising autonomous learning in the teaching-learning process since little attention is directed to exploring English language students’ perceptions of autonomous learning. This study used a case study and a content analysis in the qualitative research method. Data collected through structured interviews (10-15 minutes) through randomly selected respondents from the fifth semester in an English department of a private university in Pekanbaru Indonesia. The finding indicates that the students perceive autonomous learning as fully independent learning which is a learning situation with their own target, style, and strategies without teachers' assistance or without interference from outside parties or anywhere else. In the initiative stage, the students proposed eleven activities namely assignments, have course outline, get innovative and creative tasks, and motivation. Meanwhile, eleven activities proposed during the monitoring process namely assignments, checking their understanding, interaction, direction, feedback, challenging work, reward, and punishment. In the last stage, they proposed to have an innovative project, regular measurements, assignment, motivation, doing negotiation, and publish. Getting assignments is the proposed activity in all processes of learning indeed. This study concludes with suggestions that students' metacognitive knowledge about autonomous learning needs to be improved since it enhances students’ competency and learning autonomy, primarily in monitoring and evaluating stage.



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How to Cite

Khulaifiyah, K., Widati, U., Anugerahwati, M., & Suryati, N. (2021). Autonomous learning activities: The perceptions of English language students in Indonesia. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 11(3), 34–49. Retrieved from