The ESD-oriented RADEC model: To improve students sustainability consciousness in elementary schools


  • Hana Lestari Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, IAI Sahid
  • Mohammad Ali Professor at technology curriculum Department, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung- Indonesia
  • Wahyu Sopandi Professor at Elementary Education Department, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung- Indonesia
  • Ana Ratna Wulan Doctor at Biology Education Department, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung Indonesia



Education for sustainable development (ESD), RADEC learning model, sustainability consciousness, elementary school.


Sustainability consciousness is an outcome of Education for Sustainable Development which was launched by UNESCO in 2014 to create a society with sustainable living behavior. The purpose of this research is to determine the impact of the ESD-oriented RADEC model on students' sustainability consciousness. This research involved 150 elementary students from 6 districts of Bogor city in Indonesia. The participants’ age range was 10-11 years, while the study duration was 6 months and from the 5th grade. The sampling technique used purposive random sampling. This study used pre-experiment with pretest-posttest design. The data were collected by giving a development questionnaire of sustainability consciousness which was adapted from Gerick et al (2019). The questionnaire consists of 27 statement items. The results showed that (1) there was a difference in the sustainability consciousness of students before and after being given the RADEC learning model integrated ESD, this was indicated by sig (0.000) < (0.05); (2) The average sustainability consciousness of students after being given the RADEC learning model integrated ESD for sustainability knowingness, sustainability attitude and sustainability behavior (4.42, 4.72, 4.35) is higher than the average sustainability consciousness before being given the RADEC learning model integrated ESD for sustainability knowingness, sustainability attitude and sustainability behavior (3.24, 3.51, 3.18); (3) Aspect sustainability behavior having medium category and for aspect sustainability knowledge and sustainability attitude, same have high categories. Based on the result, we can see that RADEC learning model integrated ESD can help students get a higher proportion of sustainability consciousness in all aspects.


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How to Cite

Lestari, H., Mohammad Ali, Wahyu Sopandi, & Ana Ratna Wulan. (2022). The ESD-oriented RADEC model: To improve students sustainability consciousness in elementary schools. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 12(2), 113–122.