Optimizing the discussion methods in blended learning to improve student’s high order thinking skills





blended learning, discussion methods, HOTs, synchronous, asynchronous


The purpose of this study was to reveal the optimization of the discussion method in blended learning to improve students’ higher-order thinking because this method was very widespread as the most popular method used in blended learning environments. The qualitative observation was an approach exercised in collecting the data. The 123 Educational Technology students of Universitas Negeri Padang was research participants.   The finding signifies that the repetitive synchronous and asynchronous discussion methods better improve the students’ higher order thinking skills through sharing knowledge/information, exploring and investigation, and making critical judgment synchronously and asynchronously. Consequently, it grows the students’ digital literacy. The implications of this finding are to encourage the lecturers to prepare discussion scenarios, learning materials, and assessment. Flow of Blended Learning Discussion Forum is the novelty of this study. In conclusion, repetitive blended learning discussion methods scaffold them to analyze, evaluate, and create new ideas.


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How to Cite

Rahmi, U., & Azrul, A. (2022). Optimizing the discussion methods in blended learning to improve student’s high order thinking skills. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 12(3), 190–196. https://doi.org/10.47750/pegegog.12.03.20