Improving elementary school teachers’ competence in composing thematic songs: An action research
Keywords:teachers’ competence, thematic songs, composing songs, songwriting technology
The existence of thematic songs in theme books in Elementary Schools appears to be ineffective in supporting the attainment of learning objectives. In addition to the limited number of songs, the lack of appropriate lyrics and materials remains one of the causes. Due to this, the most possible alternative solution is for teachers to compose their own thematic songs. However, elementary school teachers lack the ability in composing thematic songs, hence they need to be given related training. The purpose of this research is to increase elementary school teachers' capacity for creativity and innovation in order to produce thematic songs. The research employed action research design, involving 55 teachers from 16 districts and cities in Indonesia. The results showed that these teachers were able to develop their ability to compose thematic songs. Teachers were also able to utilize technology in the composing process. Based on the aforementioned findings, it can be stated that elementary school teachers can improve themselves and innovate effectively with planned and regulated training.
Augustine, C., & Wong, C. (2016). Music Teaching Readiness among Non-Specialised Music Teachers in Government Preschools. Malaysian Journal of Music, 5(2), 54–69. http://ojs.upsi.edu.my/index.php/MJM/article/view/821.
Azimah, N. A., & Utomo, U. U. (2018). Kreativitas Guru Dalam Menggunakan Lagu-Lagu Pada Pembelajaran Tematik Di Sekolah Dasar [Teacher Creativity in Using Songs in Thematic Learning in Elementary Schools]. Jurnal Seni Musik, 7(1), 25–33. https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/jsm/article/view/24335.
Barry Issenberg, S., Mcgaghie, W. C., Petrusa, E. R., Lee Gordon, D., & Scalese, R. J. (2005). Features and uses of high-fidelity medical simulations that lead to effective learning: a BEME systematic review. Medical Teacher, 27(1), 10–28. https://doi.org/10.1080/01421590500046924.
Çetin, A., & Doğan, A. (2018). Bı̇lı̇m ve sanat merkezlerı̇nde görev yapan matematı̇k öğretmenlerı̇nin karşılaştıkları sorunlar [Problems faced by mathematics teachers working in science and art centers]. Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi Özel Eğitim Dergisi, 19(4), 615–641. https://doi.org/10.21565/ozelegitimdergisi.370355.
Concina, E. (2015). Music Education and Effective Teaching: Perspectives from a Critical. Literacy Information and Computer Education Journal (LICEJ), 6(2), 1892–1895. https://infonomics-society.org/wp-content/uploads/licej/published-papers/volume-6-2015/Music-Education-and-Effective-Teaching.pdf.
Cooper, P., & McIntyre, D. (1996). Effective teaching and learning: Teachers’ and students’ perspectives. McGraw-Hill Education (UK).
Creswell, J. W. (2002). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative. Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Darling-Hammond, L., & Bransford, J. (2007). Preparing teachers for a changing world: What teachers should learn and be able to do. John Wiley & Sons.
Dhiu, K. D., & Laksana, D. N. L. (2021). Child Development Aspects in Early Children Education Curriculum. Journal of Education Technology, 5(1), 1-7. https://ejournal.undiksha.ac.id/index.php/JET/article/view/30764.
Epstein, J. L. (2018). School, family, and community partnerships: Preparing educators and improving schools. Routledge.
Ertmer, P. A. (1999). Addressing first- and second-order barriers to change: Strategies for technology integration. Educational Technology Research and Development, 47(4), 47–61. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02299597.
Frese, M., Fay, D., Hilburger, T., Leng, K., & Tag, A. (1997). The concept of personal initiative: Operationalization, reliability and validity in two German samples. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 70(2), 139–161. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8325.1997.tb00639.x.
Gabrielsen, I. L., Blikstad-Balas, M., & Tengberg, M. (2019). The role of literature in the classroom: How and for what purposes do teachers in lower secondary school use literary texts? L1-Educational Studies in Language and Literature, 19, 1–32. https://doi.org/10.17239/l1esll-2019.19.01.13
Grossman, P., Hammerness, K., & McDonald, M. (2009). Redefining teaching, re‐imagining teacher education. Teachers and Teaching: Theory and Practice, 15(2), 273–289. https://doi.org/10.1080/13540600902875340.
Hennessy, S., Ruthven, K., & Brindley, S. U. E. (2005). Teacher perspectives on integrating ICT into subject teaching: commitment, constraints, caution, and change. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 37(2), 155–192. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0022027032000276961
Hernández-Bravo, J. R., Cardona-Moltó, M. C., & Hernández-Bravo, J. A. (2016). The effects of an individualised ICT-based music education programme on primary school students’ musical competence and grades. Music Education Research, 18(2), 176–194. https://doi.org/10.1080/14613808.2015.1049255.
Jaipal, K., & Figg, C. (2011). Collaborative action research approaches promoting professional development for elementary school teachers. Educational Action Research, 19(1), 59–72. https://doi.org/10.1080/09650792.2011.547688.
Jenkins Dr, L. E., & Crawford, R. (2016). The impact of blended learning and team teaching in tertiary pre-service music education classes. Journal of University Teaching & Learning Practice, 13(3), 1-23. https://ro.uow.edu.au/jutlp/vol13/iss3/5.
Johansson, S., Myrberg, E., & Rosén, M. (2015). Formal Teacher Competence and its Effect on Pupil Reading Achievement. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 59(5), 564–582. https://doi.org/10.1080/00313831.2014.965787
Julia, J., Iswara, P. D., Gunara, S., Yildiz, Y. M., & Agustian, E. (2020). Developing Elementary School Teacher Competence in Making Music Learning Media Using Scratch Application: An Action Research. Mimbar Sekolah Dasar, 7(3), 362–385. https://doi.org/10.17509/mimbar-sd.v7i3.29100
Julia, J., Iswara, P. D., & Supriyadi, T. (2019). Redesigning and Implementing Traditional Musical Instrument in Integrated Technology Classroom. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 14(10). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v14i10.10197
Julia, J., Supriyadi, T., & Iswara, P. D. (2020). Training the non-specialist music teacher: Insights from an Indonesian action research study. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(2), 547–558. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2020.080226
Kadir, A., & Asrohah, H. (2015). Pembelajaran tematik [Thematic learning]. Raja Grafindo Persada.
Kolibáčová, G. (2014). The relationship between competency and performance. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 62(6), 1315–1327. http://dx.doi.org/10.11118/actaun201462061315.
Laskowski, L., & Laskowski, L. (2016). Google Forms and Sheets for library gate counts Google Forms and Sheets for library gate counts. Journal of Access Services, 13(3), 151–158. https://doi.org/10.1080/15367967.2016.1184577.
Leeman, Y., van Koeven, E., & Schaafsma, F. (2018). Inter-professional collaboration in action research. Educational Action Research, 26(1), 9–24. https://doi.org/10.1080/09650792.2017.1301827.
Lestari, F., Respati, R., & Karlimah, K. (n.d.). Pentingnya Bahan Ajar Berbasis Lagu Untuk Meningkatkan Minat Belajar Pada Pembelajaran Seni Musik [The Importance of Song-Based Teaching Materials To Increase Learning Interest in Musical Arts Learning]. PEDADIDAKTIKA: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, 8(3), 684–696. https://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/pedadidaktika/article/view/39238.
Li, H., Pang, H., & Hu, Z. (2018). Chinese language teacher competency: A literature review for a study series. Chinese Language Teaching Methodology and Technology, 1(4), 59-67. https://engagedscholarship.csuohio.edu/cltmt/vol1/iss4/7/.
Luthans, F. (2002). The need for and meaning of positive organizational behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23(6), 695–706. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.165.
Maguraushe, W. (2015). Insights into the zimbabwe integrated national teacher education course: graduates’music teaching competence. Muziki, 12(1), 86–102. https://doi.org/10.1080/18125980.2015.1031452.
Mahmud, A. T., & Fat, B. (1994). Musik di Sekolah Kami: Belajar Seni Musik Aktif dan Kreatif untuk Sekolah Dasar Kelas 3 [Music in Our School: Active and Creative Music Learning for Grade 3 Elementary School]. Balai Pustaka.
Mansurdin, S. S. (2020). Pembudayaan Literasi Seni Di SD [Cultivating Art Literacy in Elementary School]. Deepublish.
McTaggart, R. (1994). Participatory action research: Issues in theory and practice. Educational Action Research, 2(3), 313–337. https://doi.org/10.1080/0965079940020302.
Monk, M., & Osborne, J. (1997). Placing the history and philosophy of science on the curriculum: A model for the development of pedagogy. Science Education, 81(4), 405–424. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1098-237X(199707)81:4%3C405::AID-SCE3%3E3.0.CO;2-G.
Utami, I. I. S., & Muhdiyati, I. (2020). Distribusi Pembelajaran melalui Lagu pada Buku Tematik Kelas Rendah Sekolah [Distribution of Learning through Songs in Low School Thematic Books]. Jurnal Perseda: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, 3(2), 110-114. https://jurnal.ummi.ac.id/index.php/perseda/article/view/955.
Nacak, A., Bağlama, B., & Demir, B. (2020). Teacher candidate views on the use of youtube for educational purposes. Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies, 10(2), e202003. https://doi.org/10.29333/ojcmt/7827.
Noel, F. R., Lapian, S. J., & Pandowo, M. (2017). The affect of work discipline and competence on employee performance (Case Study at Balai Kesehatan Mata Masyarakat Sulawesi Utara). Jurnal EMBA: Jurnal Riset Ekonomi, Manajemen, Bisnis Dan Akuntansi, 5(3), 3528- 3537. https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/emba/article/view/17613.
Osborne, J., & Collins, S. (2001). Pupils’ views of the role and value of the science curriculum: a focus-group study. International Journal of Science Education, 23(5), 441–467. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500690010006518.
Pelton, R. P. (2010). Action research for teacher candidates: Using classroom data to enhance instruction. R&L Education.
Rantina, M., Hasmalena, H., & Yosef, Y. (2019). Pengembangan Lagu Berbasis Aplikasi Musescore dalam Pengembangan Aspek Perkembangan Anak Usia Dini [Musescore Application-Based Song Development in the Development of Early Childhood Development Aspects]. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 4(1), 438. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v4i1.351.
Rauduvaitė, A., & Wang, L. (2018). The analysis of content of bachelor study programme of music teacher training in Lithuania: attitude of foreign and Lithuanian students. Pedagogika, 132(4), 197–210. https://www.ceeol.com/search/article-detail?id=771923.
Roffiq, A., Qiram, I., & Rubiono, G. (2017). Media musik dan lagu pada proses pembelajaran [Media music and songs in the learning process]. JPDI (Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Indonesia), 2(2), 35-40. https://doi.org/10.26737/jpdi.v2i2.330.
Santosa, D. (2019). Urgensi Pembelajaran Musik Bagi Anak Usia Dini [The Urgency of Music Learning for Early Childhood]. Jurnal Ikip Veteran, 26(1), 78-88. http://e-journal.ivet.ac.id/index.php/pawiyatan/article/view/877.
Sinaga, Syarul. (2010). Pemanfaatan Dan Pengembangan Lagu Anak-Anak Dalam Pembelajaran Tematik Pada Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini / Tk [Utilization and Development of Children's Songs in Thematic Learning in Early Childhood Education / Kindergarten]. Harmonia Journal of Arts Research and Education, 10(1), 1-15. https://journal.unnes.ac.id/nju/index.php/harmonia/article/view/55.
Siri, A., Supartha, I. W. G., Sukaatmadja, I. P. G., & Rahyuda, A. G. (2020). Does teacher competence and commitment improve teacher’s professionalism. Cogent Business & Management, 7(1), 1781993. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2020.1781993.
Spencer, L. M., & Spencer, P. S. M. (2008). Competence at Work models for superior performance. John Wiley & Sons.
Stronge, J. H., Ward, T. J., & Grant, L. W. (2011). What makes good teachers good? A cross-case analysis of the connection between teacher effectiveness and student achievement. Journal of Teacher Education, 62(4), 339–355. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0022487111404241.
Townsend, A. S. (2011). Introduction to effective music teaching: Artistry and attitude. Rowman & Littlefield.
Walshaw, M., & Anthony, G. (2008). The teacher’s role in classroom discourse: A review of recent research into mathematics classrooms. Review of Educational Research, 78(3), 516–551. https://doi.org/10.3102%2F0034654308320292.
Witantina, A., Budyartati, S., & Tryanasari, D. (2020). Implementasi pembelajaran lagu nasional pada pembelajaran SBDP di sekolah dasar [Implementation of learning the national song in SBDP learning in elementary schools]. Prosiding Konferensi Ilmiah Dasar, 2, 117–121. http://prosiding.unipma.ac.id/index.php/KID.
Yunita, A. T., Prasetiyo, A., & Astanta, A. T. A. (2021). Implementasi Materi Musik Berdasarkan Kurikulum Tematik 2013 Sekolah Dasar di Kecamatan Sewon Bantul Yogyakarta [Implementation of Music Materials Based on the 2013 Elementary School Thematic Curriculum in Sewon District, Bantul Yogyakarta]. PROMUSIKA: Jurnal Pengkajian, Penyajian, Dan Penciptaan Musik, 9(1), 39–50. https://journal.isi.ac.id/index.php/promusika/article/view/5774.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.