A sudden shifting: Students’, teachers’, and parents’ adaptation during and after Covid-19 learning





covid-19 pandemic, learning adaptation, online learning, offline learning, perceptions


The Covid-19 pandemic has affected different aspects around the globe, including education. This condition has initiated a sudden shifting in teaching and learning model applied at school, from offline into fully online, then shifted into hybrid and offline learning. This sudden shifting on teaching and learning model surely influenced not only the students, but also teachers and parents. The specific impact to mention was unprepared and appalling psychological and physical condition. Therefore, based on an in-depth qualitative case study method, this study analysed and evaluated students’, teachers’ and parents’ views and perceptions towards the learning during and after Covid-19 pandemic. The data was obtained with the use of an open-ended questionnaire and a follow-up interview. The shortcomings of sudden shifting in learning methodology change were related to the students’, teachers’ as well as parents’ perceptions. Overall, in terms of physical readiness teachers and parents tended to encounter more challenges compared to the students. Meanwhile in terms of psychological readiness three of them seemed to meet a similar amount of challenges. Nevertheless, these challenges did not seem to reduce their overall perception of the learning adaptation.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Yazid Basthomi, Universitas Negeri Malang

Professor of Applied Linguistics with the Department of English, Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia


Abbasi, S., Ayoob, T., Malik, A., & Memon, S. I. (2020). Perceptions of students regarding e-learning during covid-19 at a private medical college. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36 (COVID19-S4). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.covid19-s4.2766.

Adnan, M. (2020). Online learning amid the covid-19 pandemic: Students perspectives. Journal of Pedagogical Research, 1(2), 45–51. https://doi.org/10.33902/jpsp.2020261309.

Affouneh, S., Salha, S. N., & Khlaif, Z. (2020). Designing quality e-learning environments for emergency remote teaching in coronavirus crisis. Interdisciplinary Journal of Virtual Learning in Medical Sciences, 11(2), 1–3.

Alba-Linero, C., Moral-Sanchez, S. N., & Gutierrez-Castillo, P. (2020). Impact of covid-19 on education in a Spanish university: What should we change? In I. Sahin & M. Shelley (Eds.), Educational practices during the COVID-19 viral outbreak: International perspectives (pp. 81–106). ISTES Organization.

Ali, K. A. G., Khalil, H. E. M., & El-Sharkawy, F. M. (2020). Impacts of online remote education on the learning process among nursing students. Open Journal of Nursing, 10(9), 810-830. https://www.scirp.org/journal/paperinformation.aspx?paperid=102859.

Almeida, F. & Monteiro, J. (2017). Approaches and principles for UX web experiences. International Journal of Information Technology and Web Engineering, 12(2),49-65.

Alqabbani, A., Almuwais, A., Benajiba, N, & Almoayad, F. (2021). Readiness towards emergency shifting to remote learning during covid-19 pandemic among university instructors. E-learning and Digital Media 18(5), 460-479.

Ananga, P. (2020). Pedagogical considerations of e-learning in education for development in the face of COVID-19. International Journal of Technology in Education and Science (IJTES), 4(4), 310-321.

Bans-Akutey, A., 2020. Change management amid pandemic – A case of tertiary educators in Ghana. Global Science Journals 8(8), 1642-1649.

Bao, W. (2020). Covid ‐19 and online teaching in higher education: A case study of Peking University. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies, 2(2), 113-115. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbe2.191

Batubara, B.M. (2021). The problems of the world of education in the middle of the covid-19 pandemic. BIRCI-Journal 4(1), 450-457

Biwer F, Wiradhany W, oude Egbrink M, Hospers H, Wasenitz S, Jansen W & de Bruin A (2021) Changes and adaptations: How university students self-regulate their online learning during the covid-19 pandemic. Front. Psychol. 12:642593. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.642593

Dai, N. 2021. Construction and application of online and offline blended teaching model in colleges and universities in post-epidemic era. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research 555, 514-519.

Daniel, S.J. (2020). Education and the covid-19 pandemic. Prospects 49, 91-96. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11125-020-09464-3.

Dong, C., Cao, S., & Li, H. (2020). Young children’s online learning during COVID-19 pandemic: Chinese parents’ beliefs and attitudes. Children and Youth Services Review, 118, 105440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105440.

Ezzy, D. (2002). Qualitative analysis: Practice and innovation. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen and Unwin.

Farrell, S. (2016). Open-ended vs. closed-ended questions in user research. Retrieved May 25, 2020, from https://www.nngroup.com/articles/open-ended-questions/

Fontana, A., & Frey, J. H. (2000). The interview: From structured questions to negotiated text, in Denzin, N. K. and Lincoln, Y. S. (Eds.). The Handbook of Qualitative Research (2nd ed.), pp. 645-672, Sage Publications Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA.

Fitrianto, H. (2020). The roles of Islamic education in building self-regulated learner in the era of distance education. At-Ta’dib, 15(2), 84–108. https://doi.org/10.21111/at-tadib.v15i2.4825.

Garbe, A., Ogurlu, U., Logan, N., & Cook, P. (2020). Covid-19 and remote learning: Experiences of parents with children during the pandemic. American Journal of Qualitative Research, 4(3), 45–65. https://doi.org/10.29333/ajqr/8471.

Hebebci, M. T., Bertiz, Y., & Alan, S. (2020). Investigation of views of students and teachers on distance education practices during the Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic. International Journal of Technology in Education and Science (IJTES), 4(4), 267-282.

Inawati, L., & Setyowati, L. (2020). The students’ and parents voices on online learning in SMP Wahid Hasyim Pasuruan. Linguista: Jurnal Ilmiah Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pembelajarannya, 4(2), 120–127. https://doi.org/http://doi.org/10.25273/linguista.v4i2.8126.

Islam, R., Rahman, M., Kabir, Z., Rahman, S., & Kabir, S. (2020). Assessing the challenges in online class during the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic in Bangladesh. Academy of Strategic Management Journal, 19, 1-8.

Islam, Md., R., Suraiya, S., Nargis, N., Rahman, Md., M., Danesh, H. M., Kabir, S., & Rahman, S. (2021). Perception towards the online classes: A study on the tertiary level students of Bangladesh. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal 27(3). 1-9.

Jena, P. (2020) Impact of covid-19 on education in India. International Journal of Current Research, 12(7), pp.12582-12586. https://doi.org/10.24941/ijcr.39209.07.2020.

Karalis, T. (2020). Planning and evaluation during educational disruption: Lessons learned from covid-19 pandemic for treatment of emergencies in education. European Journal of Education Studies, 7(4), 125–142. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3789022.

Kedraka, K., & Kaltsidis, C. (2020). Effects of the covid-19 pandemic on university pedagogy: Students' experiences and considerations. European Journal of Education Studies, 7(8). doi:10.46827/ejes.v7i8.3176.

Lassoued, Z., Alhendawi, M., & Bashitialshaaer, R. (2020). An exploratory study of the obstacles for achieving quality in distance learning during the covid-19 pandemic. Education Sciences, 10(9), 232. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10090232.

Lestiyanawati, R., & Widyantoro, A. (2020). Strategies and problems faced by Indonesian teachers in conducting e-learning system during covid-19 outbreak. Journal of Culture, Literature, Linguistic and English Teaching, 2(1), 71–82

Ma, S., Sun, Z., & Xue, H. (2020). Childcare needs and parents’ labor supply: Evidence from the covid-19 lockdown. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3630842.

Meulenbroeks, R. (2020). Suddenly fully online: A case study of a blended university course moving online during the covid-19 pandemic. Heliyon 6(12), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05728.

Morgan, D.L. (2007). Paradigms lost and pragmatism regained. J. Mix. Methods Res. 1 (1), 48–76.

Muhdi, Nurkolis, & Yuliejantiningsih, Y. (2020). The implementation of online learning in early childhood education during the covid-19 pandemic. JPUD - Jurnal Pendidikan Usia Dini, 14(2), 247–261. https://doi.org/10.21009/JPUD.142.04.

Mukhtar, K., Javed, K., Arooj, M., & Sethi, A. (2020). Advantages, limitations and recommendations for online learning during COVID-19 pandemic era. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(COVID19-S4). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.covid19-s4.2785.

Munastiwi, E. (2021). Adaptation of teaching-learning models due to covid-19 pandemic: Challenge towards teachers problem-solving skills. Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar 5(1), 33-44.

Onyema E. M, Eucheria N. Ch, Obafemi F. A, Sen Sh, Atonye F. G, Sharma A, Alsayed A. O. (2020). Impact of Coronavirus Pandemic on Education. Journal of Education and Practice Vol. 11 (13), https://doi.org/10.7176/jep/11-13-12.

Putra, P., Liriwati, F. Y., Tahrim, T., Syafrudin, S., & Aslan, A. (2020). The students learning from home experiences during covid-19 school closures policy in Indonesia. Jurnal Iqra’: Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan, 5(2), 30–42. https://doi.org/10.25217/ji.v5i2.1019.

Rapanta, C., Botturi, L., Goodyear, P., Guàrdia, L., & Koole, M. (2020). Online university teaching during and after the covid-19 crisis: Refocusing teacher presence and learning activity. Postdigital Science and Education, 2(3), 923–945. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42438-020-00155-y

Rahman, A. (2020). Family resilience in Islamic perspective: A case study of parent and child interaction behavior in the district of Somba Opu Gowa. Jurnal Adabiyah, 20(2), 351–370.

Rasmitadila, Aliyyah, R. R., Rachmadtullah, R., Samsudin, A., Syaodih, E., Nurtanto, M., & Tambunan, A. R. S. (2020). The perceptions of primary school teachers of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic period: A case study in Indonesia. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 7(2), 90. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/388.

Sahu, P. (2020). Closure of universities due to coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19): Impact on education and mental health of students and academic staff. Cureus, 12, e7541. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7541

Sharma, A., & Alvi, I. (2021). Evaluating pre and post covid 19 learning: En empirical study of learners’ perception in higher education. Education and Information Technologies. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-021-10521-3.

Sokal, L.J., Trudel, L.G.E., Babb, J.C., (2020). Supporting teachers in times of change: The job demands-resources model and teacher burnout during the covid-19 pandemic. International Journal of Contemporary Education 3(2). 67-74.

Song, Y., Hu, J., Guo, Y., Wu, M., & Feng, Y. (2021). Current situation investigation and countermeasure research of students’ online learning during the epidemic period: A case study of Zhejiang province, China. European Journal of Education Studies 8(4). 101-115. http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v8i4.3672.

Szabó, R. (2019). From the digital coalface: Building a range of blended English language communicative competence courses in partnership with corporate learning and development stakeholders. Horiz. J. Hum. Soc. Sci. 1, 19–22. doi: 10.37534/bp.jhssr.2019.v1.n1.id1008.p19.

Tadesse, S., & Muluye, W. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on education system in developing countries: A review. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 8, 159-170. https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2020.810011.

Tiruneh, D. (2020). Covid-19 school closures may further widen the inequality gaps between the advantaged and the disadvantaged in Ethiopia. The Education and Development Form. https://www.ukfiet.org/2020/covid-19-school-closures-may-further-widen-the-inequali ty-gaps-between-the-advantaged-and-the-disadvantaged-in-ethiopia/

Yılmaz İnce, E., Kabul, A., & Diler, İ. (2020). Distance education in higher education in the covid-19 pandemic process: A case of Isparta Applied Sciences University. International Journal of Technology in Education and Science (IJTES), 4(4), 343-351.

Xhelili, P., Ibrahimi, E., Rruci, E., & Sheme, K. (2021). Adaptation and perception of online learning during COVID-19 pandemic by Albanian university students. International Journal on Studies in Education (IJonSE), 3(2), 103-111.

Xiao, C. & Li, Y. (2020). Analysis on the influence of epidemic on the education in China. International Conference on Big Data and Informatization Education (ICBDIE).




How to Cite

Afril Yasanti, R., & Basthomi, Y. (2022). A sudden shifting: Students’, teachers’, and parents’ adaptation during and after Covid-19 learning. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 12(2), 143–150. https://doi.org/10.47750/pegegog.12.02.14