Cognitive fusion on counselor performance : A comparative study of the experienced and novice counselor


  • Husni Hanafi Universitas Negeri Malang
  • Nur Hidayah State University of Malang
  • Adi Atmoko State University of Malang
  • Ramli M. State University of Malang
  • Triyono Triyono State University of Malang



cognitive fusion, counselor internal competencies, metacognition


The counselor's internal competence has an impact on the counselor's self-management, primarily the cognitive domain. Failure to manage thoughts will cause cognitive distortions, even to identify biases in mental experiences. This condition is cognitive fusion. Cognitive fusion causes the counselor to be trapped in his mind, unable to discern the effects of his mind's external assumptions on conditions. The experienced counselor can predict the counselor's cognitive fusion condition. This study aims to identify and describe the cognitive fusion condition data for counselors. The research method uses a comparative study design through the Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire instrument. Respondents in this study totaled 170 divided into two groups, experienced counselors and novice counselors. The results of the study describe the cognitive fusion condition of most counselors in moderate form. In particular, some counselors have high cognitive fusion conditions. The counselor's experience in counseling, evaluation, supervision, and action research makes them train their minds to think at a high level. Thus, the counselor has many historical events as their reflection and internalization in their mind. Mind-skills training is one of the conditions to improve the metacognitive skills of novice counselors so that they can match the performance of experienced counselors.


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Author Biographies

Nur Hidayah, State University of Malang

Professor of Guidance and Counseling Department

Adi Atmoko, State University of Malang

Lecturer in Guidance and Counseling Department

Ramli M., State University of Malang

Lecturer in Guidance and Counseling Department

Triyono Triyono, State University of Malang

Lecturer in Guidance and Counseling Department


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How to Cite

Hanafi, H., Hidayah, N., Atmoko, A., M., R., & Triyono, T. (2022). Cognitive fusion on counselor performance : A comparative study of the experienced and novice counselor. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 12(1), 48–55.